Prepare Ye the Way
1000 - 900 BC, the Middle East
The great empires were in collapse and it was the time of the Semitic desert peoples. Like the Amorites of nearly 1,000 years before, the Aramaeans inherited the land. They established the kingdom of Aram (Syria), governed from Damascus. Other tribes, including the Chaldeans of the south, overwhelmed the ancient land of Babylonia. Assyria had to struggle merely to survive.
Egypt split into semi-autonomous parts. To its north both Philistia and Phoenicia were developing into nationhood, the former at the expense of the inland Hebrew tribes.
A glimpse of reviving civilization appeared in the Greek world as the Ionian Greeks began to develop the special culture that would become Hellenic Greece.