Prepare Ye the Way
800 - 700 BC, the Middle East
Egypt remained engrossed in its own problems.
Assyria had to cope with dynastic quarrels and weak rulers. In addition it faced a strong enemy to the north, the Kingdom of Urartu (or Van), which established its own protectorates early in the century over several Mediterranean and north Syrian areas. It was the final period of grace for the eastern Semitic kingdoms.
At mid-century, the tide turned again, and Assyria under Tiglath-pileser III (the Bibilical Pul) swamped Syria and Israel as it rolled to the sea.